151 BC, Roman Republic silver denarius. Mint - Rome.
This coin shows the helmeted head of Roma, facing right. Behind his head is the letter X. This letter, often found on Roman coins, is a value mark. The term denarius translates as meaning "containing ten." X is the Roman numeral for ten. It meant that the denarius was worth ten Asses; the As being a small bronze, later copper, coin introduced around 289 BC. These coins were round in shape, had a two-faced Janus head on one side, and a ship's prow on the other.
A winged Victory is seen riding in biga, which is a Latin word meaning a chariot drawn by two horses. The image is facing right. Below the horses is the name P. SVLA. In the exergue, which is a small space on the reverse side of a coin found below the principle image, is the name ROMA.
P SULLA = Publius Cornelius Sulla, the grandfather of Lucius Cornelius Sulla.
1. Coins of the Roman Republic in the British Museum by H. A. Grueber
London, 1910, Vol.I, pg. 828
2. Roman Silver Coins Vol.I Republic to Augustus by H.A.Seaby
1952, pg. 31
3. The Coinage of the Roman Republic by Edward A. Sydenham
1976, pgs. 44, 240
4. Roman Coins and Their Values by David Sear, Vol.1 2000, pg. 90
5 Roman Republican Coinage Volume I by Michael H. Crawford 2001, pg. 249
David Sear places the date of this coin being minted as 151 BC; Seaby however places the date between 145-138 BC. Sydenham places it within a period between 155-120 BC.
The Goddess Nike, also known as the Goddess of Victory, is the daughter of Pallas and Styx.. She fought on the side of the Olympian Gods against the Titans and in their triumph she became an eternal personification of everyone's victory.