On the reverse side of this coin is a capis, a Roman one-handled vessel and a litus, which is a crooked staff. Both are seen between two trophies. Along the top are the letters IMPER and on the bottom the are letters ITERVM.
Cornelia 28 - identical to the Cornelia 29 except that it was struck in Gold.
This coin is almost identical to a No.29 except on the reverse side where the 29 has the letters ITERVM, the 30 has just INTERV, with no letter M.
~ NOTES ~
For Further Reading:
1. Coins of the Roman Republic in the British Museum by H. A. Grueber
London, 1910, Vol. II, pgs. 460, 3, 4
2. Roman Silver Coins Vol.I Republic to Augustus
by H.A.Seaby 1952, pg. 32
3. The Coinage of the Roman Republic
by Edward A. Sydenham, 1976, pgs. 124, 241
4. Roman Coins and Their Values by David Sear, Vol.1, 2000, pg. 124
5. Roman Republican Coinage Volume I by Michael H. Crawford 2001, pg. 373
Re: Cornelia 29 - “On this exceptional military issue Sulla strikes in the East as imperator without reference to senatorial authorization, an ominous foreshadowing of the imperatorial age of the 40s and 30s BC. This type was also struck in gold (see no.6)”
Roman Coins and Their Values by David Sear, Vol.1, 2000, pg.124
“The head of Venus presumably owes its presence here to the position of Venus as Sulla’s patron deity, responsible for his success; note his dedications to her at Aphrodisias and after Chaeronea and the association, attested by the Fasti Amiternini and the Fasti Arvalium, of Fausta Felicitas and Venus Victrix. (in this connection note the palm-branch in the hand of Cupid). ... The two trophies with lituus and jug between them form, I believe, a type personal to Sulla. The two trophies are presumably those erected after Chaeronea; they made a deep impression on antiquity and probably figured on Sulla’s signet ring is doubtless careless in asserting that this bore three trophies, two trophies had appeared earlier on the third issue of Sullan tetradrachms in Greece; note also the palm-branch with two wreaths in the beak of the eagle on the triumphal relief from the Via del Mare. ... The jug and lituus, normally symbols of the augurate, are more puzzling. The most probable view on the basis of the literary and epigraphical evidence is that Sulla was not Augur in 84-83; but he was certainly one at some stage and the coin evidence half-suggests that he was one in 88."
Roman Republican Coinage Volume I
by Michael H. Crawford 2001, pg. 373-374.
Aphrodisias is a city in Turkey where the Temple of Aphrodite once stood.
Chaeronea is a city in Boeotia; being a region in ancient Greece.
Fasti Amiternini and Fasti Arvalium are lengthy poems on the religious festivals
And dates of certain deities in ancient Roman.
Fausta Felicitas is a shrine on Capitoline Hill in Rome.
Venus Victrix means ‘Venus the Victorious’; she being the Roman version of the
Greek goddess Aphrodite.
Tetradrachms is an ancient Greek coin
Via del Mare means ‘road leading to the sea.’
Lituus is a crooked staff.
~ HISTORICAL NOTES ~
LUCIUS CORNELIUS SULLA was married four times.
His first wife was named Julia. They had two children:
Lucius Cornelius Sulla, who died very young.
Cornelia Sulla, who would married Gnaeus Pompeius Rufus. Their daughter, Pompeia
Sulla, became the second wife of Julius Caesar. Their son is Quintus Pomeius Refus.
His second wife was Aelia
His third wife was Caecilia Metella Dalmatica. They had twins.
Faustus Cornelius Sulla [see Cornelia No.'s 59-63] and Fausta Cornelia Sulla
His fourth wife was Valeria
Postumia Cornelia Sulla, posthumous daughter.
78 BC - L. Cornelius Sulla died in his villa outside the city of Puteoli.