L LENTULUS CRUS & C MARCELLUS
Cornelia 64/Claudia 9
circa 49 BC, Roman republic silver denarius
Mint – Apollonia (then Asia)


Both Cornelia No.64 & No.64a show the head of Medusa facing outward from the center of triskeles, which is a symbolic figure consisting of three legs radiating from a common center. On Roman coins it also symbolizes Sicily. There are ears of corn between each leg. Border of dots; both sides.
Coin Ref:  Babalon 64; Cornelia 64; Crawford 445/1;
Sydenham 1029; Sear 414. This currency is also catalogued as a Claudia 9.
64
64a
Cornelia 64 - On the reverse side of this coin is Jupiter standing, facing right with thunderbolt in his right and an eagle perched on his left. The letters LENT are on the left side underneath the thunderbolt, NT in monogram and above the thunderbolt are the letters MAR in monogram. The letters COS, for Consul, are on the right, under the eagle. On the far right side there is a harpa, or sickle.
Cornelia 64a - The only difference between the two versions is that the 64a has no harpa, or sickle on the reverse side.

Front                                                 with harp                                      without harp
Seaby:
64   with harp
64a   no harp
Sear:      
415  with harp  (no mention of without)
Crawford:     
445/1a     with harp
445/1b     no harp
Sydenham:    
1029       no harp
1029a      with harp


For Further Reading:
a. Coins of the Roman Republic in the British Museum by H. A. Grueber
London, 1910, Vol. II, pg. 558, 3
b. Roman Silver Coins Vol.I Republic to Augustus by H.A.Seaby 1952, pgs. 26 & 34
c. The Coinage of the Roman Republic by Edward A. Sydenham, 1976, pgs. 171, 242
d. The History and Coinage of the Roman Imperators 49-27BC
by David R. Sear, London Spink and Sons publishers 1998,  pg. 6
e. Roman Coins and Their Values by David Sear, Vol.1, 2000, pg. 152
f. Roman Republican Coinage Volume I by Michael H. Crawford 2001, pg. 462


~ NOTES ~

LENT = Lucius Cornelius Lentulus Crus
MAR = Gaius Claudius Marcellinus

These two names refer to the two pro-Pompey Consuls elected in 49BC, and later driven in exile by Julius Caesar. All sources identify the one of the consuls as L. Cornelius Lentulus; only Seaby refers to him as L. Cornelius Lentulus Crus, which is his full name.

"This denarius has traditionally been asigned to a Sicilian mint, but the circumstances of the hurried Pomeian withdrawl from Brundisium to Greece makes this most unlikely. The obverse type should be regarded as nothing more than a reference to the family history of the consul Marcellus whose ancestor, M. Claudius Marcellus, captured Syracuse in 211 BC during the course of the Second Punic War. Jupiter, chief deity of the Roman pantheon, is the unifying element in the varied coinage produced in the names of the consuls Lentulus and Marcellus."
The History and Coinage of the Roman Imperators 49-27BC
by David R., 1998, Sear  p.6.

“These coins of the consuls L. Cornelius Lentulus and C. Cladius Marcellus were probably struck in Sicily, when Caesar advanced on Rome, 49 BC.
The Coinage of the Roman Republic, by Edward A. Sydenham, 1976, pgs. 171

"The exiled consuls for 49 BC here strike in support of Pompey."
Roman Coins and Their Values by David Sear, Vol.1, 2000, pg.152.
This drawing of the 'ancient symbol of Sicily' appears in the book SWORDFISH AND STROMBOLI, Beachcombing round Sicily
by Denis Clark. (London: Jarrold's Publishers Ltd 1951, pg.179.)
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